Key facts

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Key facts

Key facts

“Je crois que la véritable tâche des Etats d’Afrique est aujourd’hui de devenir des puissances éducatives” (Marcel Zadi Kessy) cartographie

Senegal

Superficy : 196 722 km2

From its very begining, Racines d’Enfance has given the chance to more than 1300 children to take their first steps toward school. Racines d’Enfance has given school opportunities to 566 children in 2016.

AFRICA

In 10 years, from 1995 to 2005, the poverty index has been reduced to 8 points in Africa, from 58 % to 50 %. On a world scale, 1/4 children are born in Sub-saharan Africa.

› French is the official teaching language in 13 african countries

Africa’s demography (2012) :

There are 1,111 billion inhabitants in Africa. 41,1 % of them are under 15 years old. 55,4 % are between 15 and 64. and 3,5 % over 65 years old.

From 1900 to 2000, the population moves from 100 to 700 millions inhabitants. The UN forecast that the population will double from now to 2050.

63 % of the subsaharan population is rural.

› Subsaharan GNP in 2014 : 1 729 billion dollars

GNP growth in Africa in 2013 : + 4,8%

2014 : + 5.1% for Subsaharan Africa and +3 % for North Africa.

2016 forecast : +4.6 %

Life expectancy

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IN SENEGAL :

› Ethnicities : Wolof +/- 43%, Peuls +/- 24 %, Serere +/- 14,7%, Diola +/- 3,7%

› Main languages : French, Wolof, Serere, Peuls and Diola

Demography

Senegal accounts for 15,1 million of inhabitants in 2015, 43.5% are under 15 years old, 54.1% between 15 and 64 years old and 2.4% are more than 65 years old.

› Population growth: 2.9%

› 2011 GDP : 22 506

Senegal GDP growth in 2014 : +4,7 %

GDP per person (2014): $US1050 or 952.50 euros (World Bank)

› Rural population: 57%

› Urban population : 43 %

› 60 % of urban African inhabitants live in shanty town.

› Unemployed rate (2010) : 49 %

Life expectancy

 

1970 1990 2013
Man 39 53 60
Woman 39 55,5 64

Average age for life expectancy in good shape : 59,6 years old.

Since 2013, state health cover for people on low incomes has been establish

HDI : 30th over 54 country. Or 154th over 187 country. (PNUD 2014)

 

Fertility rate

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  • (Source : United Nations, division population, World Population Prospects : The 2010 Revision, www.un.org)

    › 58% of births are assisted by nurses, 468,000 births in 2010

Education access :

› 10% of children attend pre school in Africa, but only 2% do so in french-speaking african countries, 12% in Senegal.

› 4% of africans have a higher education degree. By 2040, almost 1,1 billion of african citizens will have the working age. It’s more than China.

Literacy rate in sub-saharian Africa is of 62% and in the coming 20 years, we can count of more than 77 millions of pupils. Only 1/3 of the population has finished primary school.

Almost 50% of the schoolgirls drop their studies after primary school.

In Senegal, literacy rate for 2013 was 50 %.

› Infant mortality rate when the mother is illiterate: 15.9%

› Infant mortality rate when the mother is literate: 8%

Rate of school training in the primary level :

› In Africa :

Rate of school training in the primary level : Developing country Subsaharan Africa
Base 1990 82% 58%
Situation 2011 /2009 89% 76%
Goal 2015 100% 100%

› In Senegal : 75% such as 73% for boys and 77% for girls. (Source : Rapport d’information n°104 du Sénat sur “sur la présence de la France dans une Afrique convoitée”)

Scholarship rate in the secondary system :

› In Africa : 42.2%

› In Senegal : 33.6% such as 34.9% for boys and 32.3% for girls

Telephone :

› Africa : In 2010, 3% of landline and 53% of mobiles. 700 millions mobile phones.

› Senegal : In 2003, there were 2.22% of landline and 7,6 % of mobile line

In 2010, 2.75% of landline and 67.11% of mobile line.

Internet access:

› In Africa:

1.61% of the population used Internet in 2003. In 2010, the rate soared to 15.66%.

› In Senegal :

2,1% of the population used internet in 2003, 16% in 2010.

Medecine access

Health and education expenses :  2006-2007 : 5.5%

2015 : 7%

 

Number of doctors for 100 000 inhabitants Number of researcher for 1 million inhabitants
France : 303 Senegal : 7.5
Switzerland : 323 Guinea-Bissau : 16.2
Belgium : 395 Mali : 4.7
Canada : 229 Gambia : 3.5
North America: 4654 Asia: 742
Belgium : 395 Mali : 4.7
Canada : 229 Africa : 169

The WHO define the need of one doctor for 10 000 inhabitants in developing country.

Average distance between a medical center and a person : 8km

Almost one over two subsaharan researcher lives in Europe, 48% of graduated and emigrant African live in Europe, 32% in the US, 12% in Canada and 6% in Australia.

Africa welcomes 3% of the health workers of the world when it needs 25%. (2015 UN report)

57% of the population has access to clean water, 34% in rural areas.

1 African over 2 has to travel 10km to get drinkable water

There is a nursing staff for 58% of the childbirths. (2013)

Mortality level

›Rural mortality rate: 17% of children under five

(Source : Rapport d’information n°104 du Sénat sur “sur la présence de la France dans une Afrique convoitée”)

› Urban mortality rate: 9.2% of children under five.

› Infant mortality rate (less than one years old) : 6% in 2012

› Maternal mortality rate : 2-3% in 2012

› Neonatal mortality rate : 4% in 2012

Each year, almost 45 million children are born without being registered and without identity papers year across the world

62% of births are officially registered in Senegal, 82% in urban areas